The UK is facing its next general election on Thursday 8 June 2017.
Political parties have been releasing their manifestos, and we’ve taken a snapshot of where they each stand on key energy and climate change issues.
|Conservative||Labour||Liberal Democrats||Green Party||Plaid Cymru||UKIP|
|Government intervention on utility bills||Launch a new independent review into the cost of energy.|
Will introduce a safeguard tariff cap that will extend the price protection for some vulnerable customers to more customers on the poorest value tariffs.
Maintain the competitive element of the retail energy market by supporting initiatives to make the switching process easier and more reliable, but the safeguard tariff cap will protect customers who do not switch against abusive price increases.
Continue to support small businesses through business rate relief and low taxation, and by reducing the bureaucracy and regulation.
Consult on how to extend our safeguard tariff cap to micro-businesses.
|Pledge for an “emergency price cap” to keep energy bills below £1,000 a year.|
Deliver clean energy and curb energy bill rises for households – energy for the 60 million, not the Big Six energy companies.
|Reduce energy bills permanently by improving home insulation and encouraging small-scale, community and local authority renewable schemes.|
Continue to back new entrants to the energy market – aiming for at least 30% of the household market to be supplied by competitors to the Big Six by 2022.
Pledge to review business rates to reduce burdens on small firms, and make them the priority for any future business tax cuts.
|Introduce progressive energy tariffs so that small consumers pay less per unit than large ones.|
End the monopoly of the Big Six by building democratic, locally owned alternatives – reaching at least 42 gigawatts by 2025.
|Create a Welsh energy company, to use profits from Welsh resources to cut the cost of energy for Welsh consumers and shifting to decentralised and distributed networks.|
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Push for targeted tax discounts for new and existing businesses in Wales as a central part of the new UK Regional Policy.
A promise to put an end to the unfair business rates system, by moving towards a turnover-based system.
|Removing VAT from domestic fuel and scrapping ‘green’ levies to reduce household bills by an average of £170.|
Will review the ownership and profits of British utilities and the impact on consumers of steadily rising prices.
Cut business rates for the smallest companies by 20%, which will help the 1.5 million businesses operating from premises with a rateable value of less than £50,000.
|New Nuclear||No mention of nuclear in the manifesto but said they will improve the protection of critical nuclear infrastructure.|
|Maintain membership of Euratom and support new nuclear project.|
|Accept that new nuclear power stations can play a role in electricity supply provided concerns about safety, disposal of waste and cost are adequately addressed. However, there is no public subsidy for new build.|
Maintain membership of Euratom.
|Cancel the contracts for Hinkley Point C (saving £37bn), and scrap plans for all new nuclear power stations, instead investing in renewable energy, a flexible grid, and interconnection to Europe.|
|Support a diverse energy market based on coal, nuclear, shale gas, conventional gas, oil, solar and hydro.|
|Brexit||Great Repeal Bill.|
|Replace the Great Repeal Bill with EU Rights and Protections Bill.|
|Initiate a Spending Review after the GE focusing on delivering efficiency to get public services and frontline staff online.||Introduce a new UK Bill of Rights.|
|Environment protection||Produce a comprehensive 25-Year Environment Plan that will chart future of the environment after Brexit.|
Put forward plans to develop the shale industry in Britain.
Permit non-fracking drilling (expert planning functions will be established to support local councils, and, when necessary).
Set up a new Shale Environmental Regulator.
Change the proposed Shale Wealth Fund so a greater percentage of the tax revenues from shale gas directly benefit the communities.
Major shale planning decisions will be made the responsibility of the National Planning Regime.
A promise to take action against poor air quality in urban areas.
|Retain EU environmental regulations following Brexit and introduce a new Clean Air Act to deal with the Conservative legacy of illegal air quality.|
Introduce a ban on fracking.
Establish an environmental
|Introduce an Air Quality Plan to reduce air pollution.|
Extending Ultra-Low Emission Zones to ten more towns and cities.
|New Environmental Protection Act and a new Clean Air Act to ensure environmental protections are maintained and enhanced.|
Expand and strengthen a mandatory Clean Air Zone network.
Introduce a ban on fracking and phase out of the £6bn a year fossil fuel subsidies as well as bring forward the coal closure date to 2023.
|Build upon the standards set by the EU which have protected the environment.|
|Withdraw from the Paris climate agreement and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme.|
UKIP will invest in shale gas exploration, but not allow drilling in national parks and other areas of outstanding natural beauty.
|Carbon emissions and carbon reporting||Committed to support UK meeting the carbon budgets under the Climate Change Act – halfway towards 2050 goal of reducing emissions by eighty per cent from 1990 levels.||Pass a Zero Carbon Britain Act to set new legally binding targets to reduce GHG by 80 percent by 2040 and zero by 2050.|
|Introduce a new Climate Change Act, adopting ambitious but achievable greenhouse gas and pollution reduction targets for 2030 and 2050.|
|Repeal the 2008 Climate Change Act as it costs £319bn by 2030, and the 80% Greenhouse Gas reduction target by 2050 is unachievable.|
|Energy Efficiency||Establish an industrial energy efficiency scheme to help large companies install measures to cut their energy use and their bills.|
Improve the energy efficiency of existing homes, especially for the least well off, by committing to upgrading all fuel poor homes to EPC Band C by 2030.
Also review requirements on new homes.
|Introduce interest-free loans for homeowners to improve property and re-establish the Landlord Energy Saving allowance to encourage the uptake of efficiency measures.|
|Make saving energy a top infrastructure priority.|
New Green Buildings Act to set new energy efficiency targets, including a long-term ambition for every home in England to reach at least an energy rating of Band C by 2035.
Ensure that at least 4mn are made energy efficient by 2022, prioritising the fuel poor.
Restore the Zero Carbon Standard for new homes, increasing the standard steadily and extending it to non-domestic buildings by 2022.
|Embark upon a national programme of insulation and retrofitting to make every home warm – bringing two million people out of fuel poverty, insulating nine million homes.|
|Roll out a nationwide scheme to make housing stock more energy efficient.|
Will secure compensation for consumers with badly installed, government-backed cavity wall insulation.
|Transport||Want almost every car and van to be zero-emission by 2050 – and will invest £600 million by 2020 to help achieve it.|
We will spend more on research and development – such as the batteries that will power a new generation of clean, efficient, electric vehicles.
They will invest in more low-emission buses, as well as supporting audio-visual displays for bus passengers and community minibuses for rural areas poorly served by public transport.
|Support the development, manufacture and use of ultra low emission vehicles, supporting the creation of clean modes of transport through investment in low emission vehicles.|
|Pass a Green Transport Act and introduce a diesel scrappage scheme.|
Reform vehicle taxation to encourage sales of electric and low-emission vehicles and ban the sale of diesel and small vans in the UK by 2025.
Develop electric vehicle infrastructure including universal charging points.
All private hire vehicles and diesel buses operating in urban areas to run on ultra-low emission or zero emission fuels within 5 years.
|Remove diesel cars from roads and increase the Vehicle Excise Duty on new diesel cars.|
Introduce a scrappage scheme.
|Establish a national electric vehicle charging network.|
|Will prevent diesel drivers from being penalised through higher taxes, parking fees, or emissions’ zone charging.|
Support the transition to zero emission vehicles and rapid charging stations in towns and cities, and encourage charging provision in all new housing and industrial developments through the local planning process.
|Renewables||They ‘do not believe that more large-scale onshore wind power is right for England’, but have said that they will maintain the support for the development of wind projects in the remote islands of Scotland.|
|Ensure that 60% of the UK’s energy comes from zero-carbon or renewable sources by 2030.|
Transform energy systems, investing in new, state of-the-art low-carbon gas and renewable electricity production.
|Ban fracking, and more than double green electricity to 60 per cent by 2030.|
Restore government support for solar PV and onshore wind and building more electricity interconnectors to underpin this higher reliance on renewables.
Additionally, they have pledged to go ahead immediately with Swansea Bay tidal lagoon and start planning for further lagoons in Wales and the UK.
|Renewable energy targets will be kept or strengthened.|
New support for onshore wind and solar PV and scale up investment in offshore wind and marine renewables.
|Will increase energy generation from renewables including delivering tidal lagoons in Swansea Bay, Cardiff and Colwyn Bay.|
|Support renewables when they can be delivered at competitive prices.|
|Energy Trilemma||Competitive and affordable energy costs following a new independent review into the cost of energy.|
|Take back energy into public ownership by creating local energy companies to rival existing private energy suppliers.|
Legislating to permit publicly owned local companies to purchase the regional grid infrastructure, and to ensure that national and regional grid infrastructure is brought into public ownership over time.
|Build on the Coalition’s industrial strategy, creating more ‘Catapult’ innovation and technology centres and backing private investment in particular in green innovation.|
Reform the Regulatory Policy Committee to remove unnecessary regulation, reduce regulatory uncertainty, and support new markets and investment, particularly in low-carbon and resource-efficient innovation.
|Transfer responsibility over Welsh energy generation and natural resources to the National Assembly.|
|Future Smart Grids||Step up support for businesses developing smart technologies and electric vehicles.|
Ensure that smart meters will be offered to every household and business by the end of 2020.
|Support investment in cutting-edge technologies including energy storage, smart grid technology, hydrogen technologies, off-shore wind, and tidal power (including giving the go-ahead for the Swansea Bay tidal lagoon), and investing heavily in research and development.||All new investment in energy is directed towards clean, renewable energy, and a smarter, networked grid, with battery-storage, demand-side measures, and interconnection – detailed in a Clean Energy Plan.|